Communist Party of the United States of America, Washington Chapter Photograph Collection, 1952-1988  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Communist Party of the United States of America (Wash.)
Communist Party of the United States of America, Washington Chapter Photograph Collection
1952-1988 (inclusive)
168 photographs (1 box) ; Sizes vary
Collection Number
Photographs relating to the Washington Chapter of the Communist Party
University of Washington Libraries, Special Collections
Special Collections
University of Washington Libraries
Box 352900
Seattle, WA
Telephone: 206-543-1929
Fax: 206-543-1931
Access Restrictions

Entire collection can be viewed on the Libraries’ Digital Collections website. Permission of Visual Materials Curator required to view originals. Contact Special Collections for more information.

Additional Reference Guides

These materials form part of the Communist Party of the United States of America (Wash.) Records; a finding aid is available in the repository.


Historical NoteReturn to Top

The development of the Washington State Communist Party began in 1919, when the Socialist Party of America divided, producing the Communist Party of America and the Communist Labor Party. The two parties coexisted in the Northwest until their merger in 1921. At that time, Washington and Oregon became the 12th District of the Communist Party of the USA with headquarters in Seattle. In 1939, Communist Party membership in the 12th district peaked at approximately three-thousand members. Active in civil-rights, environmental, and labor cases throughout the 50s, 60s, and 70s, the SPUSA Washington turned its attention to electoral politics and jobs, among other issues.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The collection consists of photographs depicting political campaign activities, demonstrations, marches, and other events organized by the Washington chapter of the Communist Party of the United States of America. It includes images of Elmer Kistler engaging in campaign activities during his 1984 run for Washington 37th District Representative, as well as images of B.J. Mangaoang engaging in campaign activities during her 1985 run for Mayor of Seattle and her 1988 run for Governor of Washington. The collection also includes some images of Angela Davis at a rally for the Black Panther Party in 1970, and images of student protesters demonstrating against Davis' incarceration. Also contains individual and group shots of Communist Party members.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Alternative Forms Available

View selections from the collection in digital format

Restrictions on Use

Restrictions might exist on reproduction, quotation, or publication. Contact Special Collections, University of Washington Libraries for details.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top

Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top


The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

Scrapbook: Tule Lake PhotosReturn to Top

The Tule Lake internment camp, located in Tule Lake, California, was a former Civilian Conservation Corps camp used for the incarceration of Japanese-American civilians from May 27, 1942 until March 20, 1946. In 1952, the federal government considered reopening a portion of the camp to house Communist subversives; the local American Legion protested this decision due to the camp's proximity to an elementary school.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder item
1/1 1-1
Collage of newspaper clippings about U.S. internment camps
1/1 1-2
 Guard tower at Tule Lake camp
Caption on opposite page: Tule Lake. Six 80-foot guard towers mark the boundaries of Federal Prison Camp 38 near Tulelake, California. The camp is one of several being "rehabilitated" for U.S. anti-fascists [ sic] and peace advocates under provisions of the McCarran Act.
March 27, 1952
1/1 1-3
Barbed-Wire Fence surrounding Tule Lake camp
Caption on opposite page: Tule Lake. This fence, topped with barbed wire, runs along the eastern limits of Federal Prison Camp 38. Authorities announce they intend to replace this fence with a "higher and stronger" barrier.
March 27, 1952
1/1 1-4
 Interior view of barracks
Caption on opposite page: Interior view of barracks building, slated to be quarters for inmates for America's first concentration camp to jail ideas. Note the wood-coal stove in center, the only source of heat in these frame shacks. Beyond the partition are toilet facilities.
March 26, 1952
1/1 1-5
Aerial view of Tule Lake camp
Caption on opposite page: Panorama view of Federal Prison Camp 38 taken from "The Peninsula", rocky promontory overlooking camp from across State highway 139. Buildings include army-type barracks, mess halls, store rooms, office structures, and apartments to house administrative and guard personnel.
March 27, 1952
1/1 1-6
Guard tower with buildings and small hills in the background
Caption on opposite page: Guard tower, symbol of oppression, looms high over southwest corner of Federal Prison Camp 38, Near Tule Lake, California, on Highway 139. Tower overlooks camp where 20,000 Japanese were interned in World War II, now slated to become concentration camp for American anti-fascists and peace advocates. Mess Halls used during World War II are in center background.
March 27, 1952
1/1 1-7
Mess hall at Tule Lake camp
Caption on opposite page: One of two mess halls at Federal Prison Camp 38, scheduled for renovation to feed McCarran Act political prisoners. Hall shown here and the other like it were used to service military personnel who guarded Japanese during World War II.
March 27, 1952
1/1 1-8
Barracks at Tule Lake camp
Caption on opposite page: These are typical barracks buildings, slated to be quarters for inmates of America's first concentration camp for the jailing of ideas.
March 27, 1952
1/1 1-9
Barrack at Tule Lake camp
Caption on opposite page: An outside view of a typical frame barrack at Federal Prison Camp 38. The crude construction of these barracks is pointed up by the foundation, which is open at the bottom.
March 27, 1952
1/1 1-10
Aerial view of Tule Lake camp
Caption on opposite page: A panorama view of Federal Prison Camp 38 showing the full extent of the camp site. The buildings in the foreground are administrative. The total area of the camp is roughly marked by the edges of the picture. The open area behind the administrative buildings is the ground formerly covered with thousands of frame barrack shacks.
March 27, 1952
1/1 1-11
Newspaper clipping titled: The Detention Camps for 'Subversives'
The article, taken from the January 20, 1952 edition of The Compass, was written by the paper's most famous writer, I.F. Stone. Stone went on to publish his own weekly newsletter, I.F. Stone's Weekly, which was acclaimed by his fellow journalists as one of the top works of journalism in the United States in the 20th century.
January 20, 1952

Communist Party WashingtonReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Leaders and Candidates
Box/Folder item
1/2 2
 Bill Foster speaking at a podium
Earl George (photographer)
William Z. Foster, known also as Bill Foster, was a prominent member of the Communist Party during the late 1930s through the 1950s. In 1948 he was indicted for subversive activity, but never brought to trial due to health issues. Foster died on September 1, 1961 in Moscow.
circa 1950s
1/2 3
 Sketch of Bill Foster
Hugo Gellert (artist)
1/2 4
 Benjamin J. Davis Jr.
Benjamin J. Davis Jr. was an African American Communist Party leader elected to New York City Council in 1943. He was reelected in 1945, and in 1949, was one of 11 Party leaders convicted of attempting to overthrow the United States government. This sentence placed Davis in custody for three years and four months in the federal prison at Terra Haute, Indiana. At the end of his sentence, Davis was sentenced to two more months in a prison in Pittsburgh, PA for refusing to provide authorities with the names of Communist Party members.
1/2 5 undated
1/2 6
 Pete Cacchione
Mel Kirkwood (photographer)
Cacchione was a Communist Party, USA leader elected to the New York City Council in 1941.
circa 1940s-1950s
1/2 7 circa 1960s-1970s
1/2 8 undated
1/2 9
 Henry "Heine" Huff
Henry "Heine" Huff, was one of the "Seattle Seven"; a group of Seattle Communist Party members indicted under the Smith Act in April, 1953.
March 1984
1/2 10
 Heine Huff and man with hand over eyes
Earl George (photographer)
1/2 11 undated
1/2 12
 Gus Hall and man standing talking
Earl George (photographer)
1/2 13 undated
1/2 14 undated
1/2 15 undated
1/3 16
 Charlene Mitchell speaking at podium
Charlene Mitchell was chosen as the Communist Party's presidential candidate in 1968.
circa 1960s
1/3 17 undated
1/3 18
 Elmer Kistler
Earl George (photographer)
1/3 19-21 undated
1/3 22 undated
1/3 23 undated
1/3 24-28 1984
1/4 29-30 1985
1/4 32-42 1985
1/5 43-61 1988
1/6 62 circa 1950s
1/6 63
 Memorial program for Morris Rapoport
Eulogy written on verso. Morris Rapoport was born in Czarist Russia in 1892. He emigrated to Canada, and then the US, and became a founding member of the Communist Party USA.
1/6 64 undated
1/6 65
 Group of Communist Party, USA leaders seated around a table
M. W. Kirkwood (photographer)
The two men in conversation are Benjamin Davis (left) and Bill Foster (right)
Box/Folder item
1/7 66
 Communist Party of Washington march in street
Earl George (photographer)
1/7 67 between 1974-1977
1/7 68
 Communist Party USA members
E. Allen, Seattle (photographer)
Some of the people pictured are: Frank Batterson (left), Larry Gossett (second to left), Margaret Furst (third to left), Kathleen Brodine, John Fawcett (rear)Larry Gossett was one of three men sentenced to six months in prison on July 1, 1968 for organizing a sit in at Seattle's Franklin High School on March 29, 1968. In 1993, he was elected as the District 10 representative on the King County Council.
1/7 69
 Free Ballot Party Headquarters
Earl George (photographer)
1/7 70 undated
1/7 71
 Man and woman seated on bench
Earl George (photographer)
1/7 72 undated
1/7 73
 Woman and two men standing
Earl George (photographer)
July 3, 1975
1/7 74 undated
1/8 75-76 undated
1/8 77
 Group of men and women seated at a picnic table
Earl George (photographer)
Written on accompanying note: Y. P. E. L., l. to r., Laurel Robel, ? hidden, Joanna Batterson, David Wimple, Duwayne Rader, ? back to camera
1/8 78 undated
1/8 79 1973
1/8 80-85
 Group of men and women at a conference
E. Allen, Seattle (photographer)
circa 1970s

Rallies and ProtestsReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Angela Davis
Box/Folder item
1/9 86 1970
1/9 87-90 undated
Labor Protests
Box/Folder item
1/10 91 undated
1/10 92
 Nurses on strike, Seattle, Washington
Earl George (photographer)
In the summer of 1976, over 2000 Seattle area nurses, representing 10 hospitals, went on strike. They listed a number of demands including, but not limited to, an increase in salary and mandatory registration in the Washington State Nurses Association. Those on strike from Group Health Cooperative settled their dispute after 23 days, signing a contract that increased wages and increased their participation in planning and assignments.
August 1976
1/10 93 undated
1/10 94-95
 Protesters holding signs
Signs read: ITT+CIA = Chile Today; People not Profits; The Third World is Getting Angry
1/10 96-97
 Protest against the 1978 International Auto Show, Seattle, Washington
Earl George (photographer)
From November 9-13, 1977, Seattle's Kingdome played host to the 1978 International Auto Show. The protesters rallied in support of the auto mechanics' strike that had been going on for several months prior to the show. The strike revolved around issues of wages, fringe benefits, and union security.
November 12, 1977
1/10 98 circa 1965-1977
1/10 99 undated
1/11 100-113 Circa 1977
1/11 114 circa 1970s
1/11 115
 Strike against the transfer of Seattle Central District school teachers
In the spring of 1976, Seattle Central District teachers went on strike in protest of the decision by Seattle School Board to transfer teachers of minority race and replace them with whites in compliance with federal regulations requiring minority race teachers to be evenly distributed around the city.
May 28, 1976
Anti-War Protests
Box/Folder item
1/12 116
 Anti B-1 Bomber Poster
Poster reads: Here lies the project built on lies. B-1 Bomber. Rest in pieces.
1/12 117 undated
1/12 118 between 1969-1970s
1/12 119 undated
1/12 120
 Group of people seated with anti-war banners
Banners read: Stop the War Now, Seattle United Women's Contingent; Radical WomenRadical Women is a socialist feminist group that tackles issues of racism, sexism, homophobia, and labor exploitation.
1/12 121
 Anti-war protesters with signs
Signs read: Where are the other 500,000; Bring them all home; What about the other 500,000?
1/12 122 circa 1960s-1970s
1/12 123 circa 1960s-1970s
1/12 124 circa 1960s-1970s
1/13 125-126 circa 1960s-1970s
1/13 127 circa 1960s-1970s
1/13 128-132 circa 1960s-1970s
1/13 133 undated
1/13 134 undated
1/13 135
 Man standing behind a podium
Sign on podium reads: Unity, Solidarity, Peace
Political Protests
Box/Folder item
1/14 136a-b
 Two men holding wooden clubs
E. Allen, Seattle (photographer)
142a is the cropped photo, 142b is the full photoWritten on cropped photo: 'Nixon Youth,' N.C.L.C., Univ. Christian Church. The National Caucus of Labor Committee (NCLC) is a political organization founded in 1968 by political activist, Lyndon LaRouche. The group was originally part of the organization, Students for a Democratic Society. Since its founding, the group has met opposition from both left and right leaning political parties, and has been responsible for a number of violent attacks on rival party members.
1/14 137
 Panel of one man and three women.
E. Allen, Seattle (photographer)
1/14 138 undated
1/14 139
 Group of protesters, one holding a sign
Sign reads: 6 Hr. Day 30 hour Week.
1/14 140
 Group of protesters with the Frye Hotel in the background, Seattle, Washington
Constructed in 1911, the Frye Hotel is now a Seattle landmark and a part of the Pioneer Square Historic District. Today, the hotel serves as low income housing.
1/14 141
 Protesters near the California Tavern and Card Room on the corner of Occidental St and Washington Ave, Seattle, Washington
The corners of Occidental and S. Washington in downtown Seattle marks the Free Speech Corner, akin to the famous Speakers' Corner in Hyde Park, London.
1/14 142
 Group of people on grass with banners in the background
Banners read: NU-WRO Literature Sale; Manning for Mayor; NU-WRO
1/14 143
 Anti-Nixon protest
E. Allen, Seattle (photographer)
1/14 144-147 undated
1/14 148
 Protesters with a banner standing on a hillside
Banner reads: International Socialists for immediate withdrawal from E. Asia, jobs for all, end the arms economy, free all GI's & all other political prisoners, end sexism and racism.
Box/Folder item
1/15 149
 Man and woman conversing
Earl George (photographer)
1/15 150 undated
1/15 151 undated
1/15 152 undated
1/15 153 undated
1/15 154 undated
1/15 155 undated
1/15 156 undated
1/15 157
 Group of people posing for a photo
E. Allen, Seattle (photographer)

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • African Americans--Washington (State)--Photographs
  • Anti-war demonstrations--Washington (State)--Photographs
  • Communists--Washington (State)--Photographs
  • Demonstrations--Washington (State)--Photographs
  • Japanese Americans--California--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945--Photographs
  • Strikes and lockouts--Washington (State)--Photographs
  • Personal Names :
  • Davis, Angela Y. (Angela Yvonne), 1944---Photographs
  • Davis, Benjamin J. (Benjamin Jefferson), 1903-1964--Photographs
  • Hall, Gus--Photographs
  • Huff, Henry P.--Photographs
  • Corporate Names :
  • Communist Party of the United States of America (Wash.)--Archives
  • Communist Party of the United States of America (Wash.)--Membership--Photographs
  • Communist Party of the United States of America (Wash.)--Photographs
  • Tule Lake Relocation Center--Photographs
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Photographs
  • Scrapbooks

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Visual Materials Collections (University of Washington)