Lou Stocking Stewart Papers, 1871-1941  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Stewart, Lou Stocking, 1862-1942
Title
Lou Stocking Stewart Papers
Dates
1871-1941
Quantity
4.1 linear feet
Collection Number
Collection 339, MtBC, us (collection)
Summary
The Lou Stocking Stewart Papers consist of diaries, scrapbooks, correspondence, printed materials, photographs and memorabilia. Materials in this collection were created or collected by Lucy Bigelow Stocking and Lou Stocking Stewart. Subjects include: travels, Fort Benton, daily life, women's clubs, ranching, the "Whoop-up Trail", and Montana history. Photographs are primarily images of the Stocking and Stewart families and friends, Fort Benton (town and ruins), Belt and Great Falls, Montana. The memorabilia includes conventions name tag ribbons Lou Stocking Stewart collected by attending the annual meetings of the Montana Pioneers Society and the GAR Women's Relief Corps.
Repository
Montana State University Library, Merrill G. Burlingame Special Collections
Montana State University-Bozeman Library
Merrill G Burlingame Special Collections
P.O. Box 173320
Bozeman, MT
59717-3320
Telephone: 406-994-4242
Fax: 406-994-2851
spcoll@www.lib.montana.edu
Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research.

Languages
English
Sponsor
Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Katherine Louisa "Lou" Stocking was born on April 3, 1862 in Denver, Colorado to Margaret Henry and John J. Uhle. After John Uhle died, Margaret Uhle married Winfield Scott Stocking on January 16, 1864 in Boise City, Idaho Territory. Stocking, born in Michigan on March 15, 1837, had gone to California in 1859 and prospected in Oregon prior to locating at Boise. After their marriage Winfield and Margaret, along with her daughter Lou, moved to Fort Benton in 1866 where Winfield established a meat market and located a ranch on Teton Creek. During this time Margaret and Winfield had a son, John J. Stocking, and in 1871 they were joined at their ranch by Winfield's mother, Lucy Bigelow Stocking. Lucy remained with her son's family until 1875 when she returned to Chicago and eventually her home in Elk Rapids, Michigan. Lucy returned to the Fort Benton area sometime prior to 1884 and remained there until her final return to Elk Rapids in the summer of 1885.

Lou Stocking grew up on the family ranch and attended St. Mary's Academy at Leavenworth, Kansas. She traveled to Michigan to visit her grandmother Lucy in 1883 and met other members of the extended Stocking family. Lou married Albert H. Stewart sometime after 1910. They spent their lives in Fort Benton and Great Falls while Albert managed sheep ranches at those locations and Belt, Montana. By 1926, Mrs. Stewart had become very active in various clubs including, but not limited to, the Society of Montana Pioneers, Montana Federated Women's Clubs and Grand Army of the Republic Women's Relief Corps. Lou Stocking Stewart died on March 1, 1942.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The papers consist of diaries, scrapbooks, correspondence, printed materials, photographs and memorabilia. Materials are arranged in seven series according to document type. The diaries were kept by Lucy Bigelow Stocking and Lou Stocking Stewart and describe Lucy's trip from Chicago to Fort Benton in 1871, her daily life at the Stocking home at Fort Benton from 1873-1875, and her return to Chicago. Lou Stocking Stewart's diaries describe her activities from 1883-1887; 1926-1937 and pertain to women's clubs, Albert Stewart's ranching work, and travels. Correspondence in series two pertains primarily to women's club activities Lou engaged in and includes letters from Harry P. Stanford regarding the history of the "Whoop-up Trail from Fort Benton to Canada. Scrapbooks in series three are extensive and contain primarily newspaper clippings dealing with Montana history and women's clubs. Literary productions, series four, and printed materials, series five, pertain to women's clubs and their activities, including the Grand Army of the Republic Women's Relief Corps, the Montana State Federation of Women's Clubs, and the Great Falls Public Library and manuscript histories of Fort Benton and Fort Shaw. Photographs in series six are primarily images of the Stocking and Stewart families and friends, Fort Benton (town and ruins), Belt and Great Falls, Montana. The memorabilia series includes conventions name tag ribbons Lou Stocking Stewart collected by attending the annual meetings of the Montana Pioneers Society and the GAR Women's Relief Corps. NOTE: Material added to this collection in January 2009 and May 2010 have been incorporated into the appropriate series and marked with [2009] or [2010].

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Series 1:  Diaries, 1871-1937Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1

Diaries kept by Lucy and Lou Stocking. Lucy Bigelow Stocking, mother of Winfield Scott Stocking, kept the first diary dating intermittently from 1871 to 1883. It details her trip from Chicago to Fort Benton from April 4, 1871 to May 15,1871 by train to Sioux City, then continuing by the steamer. The diary describes weather, scenery, passengers, wildlife, Indians and their camps, repairs to the boat, details of stops for fueling, loading and unloading of freight, and meals. The diary entries resume in 1873. From 1873 to July 1875, Lucy lived with the Winfield Stocking family and her diary documents weather, farm activities, hunting, household activities (food processing, clothing construction, etc.) visitors, parties, letters written and received, and local travel. The diary ends with a brief description of Lucy's return to Chicago in July 1875. The final section details travel, household, social and religious activities, and includes poems. A second diary also kept by Lucy Bigelow Stocking (donated in 2009) contains intermittent entries from October 31, 1884 to May 12, 1889 and documents a second residence in the Fort Benton area during the fall of 1884 up to her return to Elk Rapids, Michigan in the summer of 1885. This diary also concludes with poetry and some pasted newspaper clippings. The balance of the diaries in this series were written by Lou Stocking (later Lou Stocking Stewart). Diary in folder 3 begins in 1883 as Lou left home (near Benton) by coach and wagon to Helena, continuing by train to Chicago. She describes weather, scenery, passengers. From Chicago, she traveled by train, boat, and coach to visit various relatives (including the length of Lake Michigan to Traverse City, Elk Rapids, Blair, Lowell, Grand Rapids. Description is mostly of social life of the young unmarried set including formal entertainment such as theater and at home entertainment such as card playing. Lou returned home three months later and the remainder of the diary mainly deals with the social life in Fort Benton. Diary in folder 4 continues description of the Fort Benton social scene up to 1887. Diary in folder 5 was kept by Lou much later in her life and after her marriage to Albert H. Stewart. Stewart at this time was managing the Los Angeles Sheep Company near Sun River, Montana. Descriptions include weather, farm activities, household activities, social events, correspondence, financial references for farm and personal expenses, medical problems. Names include Judge John W. Tattan (Choteau County). Diaries in folders 6 - 8 were kept by Lou while living in Great Falls. Chronicles weather, social and religious activities, business activities, personal expenditures, illnesses and burials of acquaintances, club activities, occasional references to local, national and international news items.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/1 1871-1882
1/2 1884-1891
1/3
Lou Stocking diary
October 11, 1883-October 19, 1885
1/4
Lou Stocking diary
loose sheets
August 9, 1886-August 27, [1887?]
1/5
Lou Stocking Stewart diary
October 21, 1926-April 20, 1927
1/6
Lou Stocking Stewart diary
November 1, 1931-May 8, 1932
1/7
Lou Stocking Stewart diary
December 3, 1932-November 13, 1933
1/8
Lou Stocking Stewart diary
July 27-October 31, 1937
1/9 1871-1882
1/10
Diary Transcript, Lou Stocking diary
October 11, 1883-October 19,1885
1/11
Diary Transcript, Lou Stocking diary
August 9, 1886-August 27, [1887?]
1/12
Diary Transcript, Lou Stocking Stewart diary
October 21, 1926-April 20, 1927
1/13
Diary Transcript, Lou Stocking Stewart diary
November 1, 1931-May 8, 1932
1/14
Diary Transcript, Lou Stocking Stewart diary
December 3, 1932-November 13, 1933
1/15
Diary Transcript, Lou Stocking Stewart diary
July 27-October 31, 1937

Series 2:  Correspondence, 1889-1941Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1

Letters from Lucy Bigelow Stocking to her daughter Mary (Winfield Scott Stocking's sibling) and letters sent or received by Lou Stocking Stewart in chronological order. Includes personal, business, club and research correspondence. Includes research correspondence with Harry P. Stanford concerning the history of the "Whoop-up Trail" from Fort Benton to Canada.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/16 1889-1892
1/17
Lou Stocking Stewart letters
1906-1927
1/18
Lou Stocking Stewart letters
1929
1/19
Lou Stocking Stewart letters
1930-1934
1/20
Lou Stocking Stewart letters
1935-1936
1/21
Lou Stocking Stewart letters
1937-1941
1/22
Lou Stocking Stewart letters
[2010]
undated

Series 3:  Scrapbooks, circa 1886-1940Return to Top

Container(s): Box 2-9

Scrapbooks containing mostly newspaper clippings; some magazine clippings, letters, photographs, and greeting cards. Most clippings are from the River Press newspaper in Fort Benton and the Great Falls Tribune. Most of the clippings are undated and without attributions. Where dates are shown or have been penciled in they have been noted. Most of the clippings are on Montana historic topics but exceptions have been noted. Topics include but are not limited to mining, vigilantes, pioneers, Lewis and Clark, Charles Russell. One heavily represented column is from the River Press with headlines: "Items of Long Ago" and "Twenty Years Ago." There are also clippings on women's club activities. Volume 10 has clippings relating to Miss Lou Stocking and the Stocking family. Volume 11 has undated photo of Lou Stocking Stewart, p.15; return of the Fort Benton cannon, steamship line, stagecoach, death of Civil War veteran John Chestnutt, Missouri River pilots.

Container(s) Description Dates
box-volume
2/1
Volume 1
(1937)
2/2
Volume 2
(1934-1936)
2/3
Volume 3
(1932-1939)
2/4
Volume 4
(1933-1934)
2/5
Volume 5
(1940)
3/1
Volume 6
(1926-1939)
3/2
Volume 7
(1938-1940)
3/3
Volume 8
(1930-1934)
3/4
Volume 9
(1928-1930)
3/5
Volume 10
(1886-1925)
4/1
Volume 11
(1926-1939)
4/2
Volume 12
Secret organizations, "Old Coyote" Crow scout for Gen. Miles, cyclists journey to 1893 Chicago World Fair, Chief Joseph surrender, mining, cattle raising, pony express, stock brands, Montana first governor.
4/3
Volume 13
Lewistown, Indian conflicts, mining, minutes of Veteran Central Committee Meeting (1931), Bozeman Flour Mill, Sacajawea, buffalo skinning, Hornaday bison, steamers, James Fergus.
(1931-1932)
4/4
Volume 14
Indian conflicts, steamboats, stagecoaches, essays by Franklin Welles Calkins and James Willard Schultz, Liver Eater Johnson, pioneer reunions.
4/5
Volume 15
Entirely on Charles Lindbergh. Includes first airmail to Butte: letter and cacheted envelope (1928).
(1928-1932)
5/1
Volume 16
Sale of Belt Valley Sheep Co. (A.H. Stewart part owner) includes map of sections); national news items, Abraham Lincoln and George Washington clippings, Catholic church news items; Col. William Boyce Thompson death; poetry; Civil War veterans
(1928-1938)
5/2
Volume 17
Montana pioneer groups, Custer battle information
(1929-1931)
5/3
Volume 18
2 letters (1877, 1882)
(1928)
5/4
Volume 19
6/1
Volume 20
6/2
Volume 21
Mining freight camels.
6/3
Volume 22
Constitution and By-laws of the Northern Montana Horse Assoc. 1885; carver, John Clarke.
(1927)
6/4
Volume 23
(1908-1938)
6/5
Volume 24
"Nora E. Harber, Fort Benton, Mont." written inside front cover on brown paper book cover. Obituary of Lou Stocking Stewart's mother, Margaret Stocking, is on page 25 (8-29-1912). Laid in: W.C.T.U. tract with pledge. Photo print of W.S. Stocking (page 93).
(1912-1925)
7/1
Volume 25
Laid in: page from Marvelous Montana magazine (no date).
(1916-1937)
7/2
Volume 26
J.W. Schultz obituary of Joseph Kipp (p. 26), linen section maps of Fort Benton area (p.58-9), death of Charley Russell (beginning p.84), photo print of the Harber girls (p. 100).
(1910-1928)
7/3
Volume 27
1929 letter from Clark Stocking (p. 8), 1908 photo of Stocking ranch hay stacking (p.19).
(1929-1933)
7/4
Volume 28
Photo prints: 1928 Judge and Mrs. Tattan (p.47), Piegan papoose (p. 59), 1909 Mr. and Mrs. W.S. Stocking (p. 61), 1911 Mrs. W.S. Stocking (p. 63) 1883 letter of invitation to Miss Stocking (p. 70) 1928 letter from Historical Society of Montana to Lou Stocking Stewart regarding early Montana newspapers (p. 72), obituary of Margaret Stocking listing German birthplace (p. 112), livestock auction flyer (1907?) owners A. Elson and Lou Stocking (p. 118).
(1883-1929)
7/5
Volume 29
Laid in: handwritten listing of early Fort Benton doctors (1867-1910). 1901 map of Montana as political advertisement for legislature candidate Byron DeForest (p. 86).
(1931-1934)
8/1
Volume 30
1937 letter from Harry Stanford to Lou Stocking Stewart (p. 42), 1940 obituary of John Stocking, brother of Lou Stocking Stewart (p. 75) Laid in: Masterson's "It Happened in Montana" clipping; blank land sale option with A.H. Stewart name printed in as agent.
(1913-1940)
8/2
Volume 31
Laid in: Montana State Song, handwritten list of names and notes 1922 obituary of W.K. Harber, father of Nora E. Harber (p. 6), 1936 letters from the Historical Society of Montana on early marriages (p. 104) and the Fiske expedition (p. 107). 1936 letter from Lou Stocking Stewart Re: early irrigation along the Teton River.
(1922-1936)
8/3
Volume 32
Letter from Clark Stocking (p. 26) photographic prints: Stocking ranch photos (p.49).
(1929-1931)
8/4
Volume 33
Inscribed inside front cover "Mrs. A.H. Stewart, Glendale Apt. 32", Laid in: cut-out of Lou Stocking Stewart name mostly women's club news, Andrew Garcia (p.119).
(1930-1938)
9/1
Volume 34
Paper cover labeled "Mrs. A.H. Stewart/416-1/2 Central Ave./Great Falls" Laid in: River Press clipping, undated GAR clippings (p. 49), Earl Heikka (p. 76).
(1925-1940)
9/2
Unnumbered volume, unnumbered pages
Laid in: 3 page handwritten address to the Great Falls Women's Club, club Constitution and By-Laws Handwritten address regarding soldier bonus, mostly women's club clippings.
(1923-1924)
9/3
Unnumbered volume, unnumbered pages
Recipe clippings, a few handwritten.
9/4
Unnumbered volume, unbound, women's club clippings
circa 1920s
Box/Folder
9/5
Great Falls Federation of Women's Clubs
1935-1936
9/6
Women's clubs report clippings
9/7
"Life History of Miss Stocking" by G. Harber
1909

Series 4:  Literary productions, 1877-1941Return to Top

Container(s): Box 10

Handwritten and typed essays, poetry, and reports prepared by Lou Stocking Stewart and others pertaining to a variety of historical and social topics. Included are program speeches for various women's clubs that Lou Stocking Stewart attended; official reports on the operation of the Great Falls public library; a reading composition book kept by Lou Stocking Stewart as a teenager while she attended school at St. Mary's Academy at Leavenworth, Kansas; manuscript histories of Fort Benton and Fort Shaw, Montana.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
10/1
"Bilking Uncle Sam" by Percy Shallenberger
1928
10/2
Fort Benton history essays
[2010]
10/3
Fort Shaw history essays
10/4
Grand Army of the Republic Women's Relief Corps
1933
10/5
Great Falls Public Library reports
1922-1923
10/6
Historical essays--general
10/7
Miscellaneous notes and poetry
10/8
"Montana Products" essays
10/9
Probation Officer essay
10/10
Reading composition book
1877-1879
10/11
Women's club reports
1930-1941
10/12
Lucy Bigelow Stocking composition book and papers
[2009]
circa 1884-1892

Series 5:  Printed materials, 1907-1939Return to Top

Container(s): Box 10

Printed brochures, programmes, and ephemera collected by Lou Stocking Stewart and pertaining primarily to the women's groups of which she was a member. Material pertains to: the Grand Army of the Republic Women's Relief Corps; the Ladies Improvement Society of Old Fort Benton (dedicated to stabilizing the ruins of the first fort's buildings); the Great Falls Federation of Women's Clubs; the Fort Benton Women's club. An asterisk indicates oversize material in the folder has been removed for separate storage.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
10/13
Catholic church
10/14
Fort Benton Women's Club
1931-1939
10/15
George Washington Bicentennial
1932
10/16
Grand Army of the Republic Women's Relief Corps--meeting programs
1930-1933
10/17
Grand Army of the Republic Women's Relief Corps--music and verse
10/18
Grand Army of the Republic Women's Relief Corps--orders
1930-1933
10/19
Grand Army of the Republic Women's Relief Corps--orders
1933-1939
10/20
Grand Army of the Republic Women's Relief Corps--other publications
10/21
Grand Army of the Republic Women's Relief Corps--
program book, national meeting 1931; obituary book
10/22
Grand Army of the Republic Women's Relief Corps--rosters
1930-1934
10/23
Great Falls Federation of Women's Clubs
10/24
Ladies Improvement Society
Interstate Temperance Alliance
1907
10/25
Montana State Federation of Women's Clubs
1930-1935
10/26
Poetry, Music, calling cards*

Series 6:  Photographs, circa 1890s-1930sReturn to Top

Container(s): Box 11

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
11/1
Photographs #1-10
circa 1890s
circa 1890s
September 1926
circa 1920s
circa 1912
1912
September 4, 1912
circa 1890
May 21, 1909
circa 1920s
11/2
Photographs #11-20
1913
1913
#13: Margaret Stocking at homestead
1911
#14-15: Winfield S. Stocking ranch on Teton Creek
1910
#16: Log Cabin, Winfield S. Stocking ranch on Teton Creek
circa 1890
#17: Horses at Winfield S. Stocking ranch on Teton Creek
1910
#18: Hay Wagon at Winfield S. Stocking ranch on Teton Creek
1910
#19-20: Horse drawn hay cutter at Winfield S. Stocking ranch on Teton Creek
1910
11/3
Photographs #21-30
#21: Steam tractor at Winfield S. Stocking ranch on Teton Creek
1910
#22: Belt Valley Sheep Company
circa 1920s
#23: Aarsand Ranch
circa 1920s
#24: Belt, Montana
circa 1920s
#25: Lou Stocking Stewart residence, Great Falls
circa 1920s
#26: Lou Stocking Stewart residence, Great Falls, interior
#27: Harry Stanford, portrait
#28: Lou Stocking Stewart and Fannie Irwin
#29: Charles Bristle on Stocking ranch
circa 1910s
#30: Mr. and Mrs. W.H. Snyder, Great Falls
circa 1920s
11/4
Photographs #31-40
#31: Lou Stocking Stewart
(no print available)
circa 1920s
#32: Women's club group, Great Falls
July 1923*
#33-35: Grand Army of the Republic veterans, Great Falls
July 4, 1930
#36-37: Grand Army of the Republic Women Relief Corps parade float, Great Falls
July 4, 1930
#38: Soldiers monument, Great Falls
July 4, 1930
#39: Laying of Presbyterian Church cornerstone, Great Falls
undated
#40: Black Eagle Falls
11/5
Photographs #41-50
#41: Lou Stocking Stewart at Fort Benton ruins
1910
#42-43: Ladies Improvement Society of Old Fort Benton at ruins
#42 (no print)
circa 1910
#44: Fort Benton ruins
circa 1880s
#45-46: Fort Benton ruins
1904
#47-49: Fort Benton ruins
1922
#50: Lou Stocking Stewart with Fort Benton cannon at Great Falls city park
(no print)
11/6
Photographs #51-60
#51: Fort Benton town, elevated view
1930s
#52: Fort Benton fire department
1890s
#53: Fort Benton store fronts
undated
#54: Joe Regli wagon outfit, Fort Benton main street
circa 1890s
#55-56: Fort Benton Steamboat Days parade
June 1937
#57: Fort Benton Catholic Church interior
1886
#58-60: Fort Benton flood
June 6, 1908
11/7
Photographs #61-73
#61: "Voyage End," boats at Fort Benton
June 19, 1937
#62: Boats on Lake Fort Peck
circa 1930s
#63: Boats on Missouri River?
1920s
#64-65: Fort Benton parade float at Great Falls
July 4, 1930
#66: Oil Well, Dalies New Mexico
1932
#67: Unidentified Ladies group
circa 1930s
#68: Unidentified Indian group
circa 1930s
#69: Unidentified man driving horse and buggy
circa 1890s
#70: Unidentified man with sheep
circa 1920s
#71: Unidentified elderly man
circa 1920s
#72: "Little Jimmy Howard"
#73: Lou Stocking Stewart
circa 1870s
11/8
Photograph album pages
1/19
Negatives
28, 31, 41, 42, 43, 50, 67

Series 7:  MemorabiliaReturn to Top

Container(s): Box 11-12

Halftone prints of historic scenes of Old Fort Benton and an unidentified ranch (possibly one operated by A.H. Stewart); cigar box lid; convention nametags and ribbons for Montana Pioneers and GAR Women's Relief Corps meetings; vintage canning labels for Montana-produced vegetables; small scrapbook containing newspaper clippings and original letters from the Baker family [2010]. Oversize materials have been removed for separate storage and indicated by an asterisk.

Container(s) Description
Box/Folder
1/10
Halftone prints*
Box
12
Memorabilia

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Floods-Montana-Fort Benton-Photographs
  • Overland journeys to Montana-Personal narratives
  • Public libraries-Montana-Great Falls
  • Sheep ranches-Montana
  • Women-Montana-Fort Benton-Diaries
  • Women-Montana-Great Falls-Diaries
  • Women-Montana-Societies and clubs
  • Personal Names :
  • Stanford, Harry P., 1867-1944-Correspondence
  • Stewart, Albert H.
  • Corporate Names :
  • Montana Federation of Women's Clubs
  • Society of Montana Pioneers
  • Woman's Relief Corps (U.S.)
  • Family Names :
  • Stewart family
  • Stocking family
  • Stuart family
  • Geographical Names :
  • Belt (Mont.)-History
  • Belt (Mont.)-Photographs
  • Fort Benton (Mont. : Fort)
  • Fort Benton (Mont.)-History
  • Fort Benton (Mont.)-Photographs
  • Fort Shaw (Mont.)-History
  • Frontier and pioneer life-Montana-Societies, etc
  • Great Falls (Mont.)-History
  • Great Falls (Mont.)-Photographs
  • Montana-History-Societies, etc
  • United States-History-Civil War, 1861-1865-Societies, etc.
  • Whoop-up Trail
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Diaries-Montana
  • Photographs-Montana
  • Scrapbooks-Montana
  • Other Creators :
    • Personal Names :
    • Stocking, Lucy Bigelow (creator)