Bertha (Josephsen) Anderson Autobiography, 1862-1955  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Bertha (Josephsen) Anderson
Title
Bertha (Josephsen) Anderson Autobiography
Dates
1862-1955 (inclusive)
Quantity
1 file (1 folder), ( )  :   ; 
Collection Number
OPVSIEmss_2 (collection)
Summary
Autobiography of Danish immigrant Bertha (Josephsen) Anderson
Repository
Pacific Lutheran University, Archives and Special Collections
Archives and Special Collections
Pacific Lutheran University
12180 Park Avenue South
Tacoma, Washington
98447
Telephone: 253-535-7586
Fax: 253-535-7315
archives@plu.edu
Access Restrictions

The autobiography is available for research.

Languages
English


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Bertha Josephsen was born on 6 December 1862 in Frederikssund, Sjælland, Denmark, to Niels Josephsen and Maren (Willums-datter) Josephsen. Bertha Josephsen was the third of seven children. The family owned a hotel and later moved to a farm near Fredericksvard. The children were educated in public schools and also helped out on the farm along with hired men. Bertha was sent to a large dairy farm on the island of Fyn when she was eighteen. Here she met her future husband, Peter Anderson, and they were engaged for nearly two years before marrying on 17 August 1883. After Bertha and Peter were married, they moved to a farm near Bertha’s home. Their first child, Mary, was born in 1884, and following that they had a son, Niels, in 1885, and another daughter, Dagmar, in 1888. After three of Bertha’s brothers moved to America, the family decided to emigrate as well, traveling across the Atlantic to New York in a large ship, and going by train and stagecoach to Sidney, Montana, where they homesteaded. The family faced many complications while settling in during the first few years, including food shortages during the winter, paying off debts, battling prairie fires, unexpected encounters with Native Americans, and a lack of close neighbors or facilities to go to for help. After 1898, Bertha’s mother and thirteen other relatives joined them in Montana. Bertha and Peter had eight children in all. Bertha was active in helping new settlers in the area and she and her family played a great role in establishing a Danish Lutheran Church in the area, and were founding members of the town of Sidney, Montana. Bertha Anderson died in April of 1955 in Salt Lake City and was buried next to her husband in the cemetery in Sidney.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The collection consists of an autobiography written by Bertha (Josephsen) Anderson between 1936 and 1939. Two different copies of the autobiography are available; one is a shorter printed version, and the second is a longer typewritten version. It details her life history, including her birth and early years in Denmark, marriage, and emigration to America, pioneering experiences, family life, and descendants. It also contains information on the settlement and activities in the west, the role of religion during the time, the history of many organizations in and around Sidney, Montana, and general notes on life as a pioneer.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Property rights reside with Archives and Special Collections Department at Pacific Lutheran University. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish or quote from (the collection) must be submitted to the University Archivist. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.

Preferred Citation

Life History of Mrs. Bertha (Josephsen) Anderson, The Scandinavian Immigrant Experience, OPVSIEmss_2, Archives and Special Collections, Pacific Lutheran University, 12180 Park Avenue South, Tacoma, WA 98447

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Danish Americans
  • Denmark -- Emigration and immigration
  • Personal Names :
  • Anderson, Bertha Josephsen--Archives
  • Anderson, Peter
  • Josephsen, Carl
  • Josephsen, Louis
  • Family Names :
  • Anderson Family
  • Josephsen Family
  • Geographical Names :
  • Salt Lake City (Utah)
  • Fyn (Denmark)
  • Glendive (Mont.)
  • Kenmare (N.D.)
  • Sidney (Mont.)
  • Sjælland (Denmark)
  • Yellowstone River
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Autobiography
  • Occupations :
  • Farmers
  • Titles within the Collection :
  • Life History of Mrs. Bertha (Josephsen) Anderson
  • My Life History