Caroline Canafax papers, 1943-2001  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Canafax, Caroline
Title
Caroline Canafax papers
Dates
1943-2001 (inclusive)
Quantity
1.21 cubic feet (2 boxes)
Collection Number
5272 (Accession No. 5272-001)
Summary
Papers of a Seattle, Washington peace activist
Repository
University of Washington Libraries, Special Collections
Special Collections
University of Washington Libraries
Box 352900
Seattle, WA
98195-2900
Telephone: 206-543-1929
Fax: 206-543-1931
speccoll@uw.edu
Access Restrictions

Open to all users.

Languages
English, Chinese, French
Sponsor
Funding for encoding this finding aid was partially provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Caroline Isabel Canafax is a Seattle peace activist. She was born and raised in Seattle, Washington. Her parents, Meyer A. and Jane Dinkelspiel Newberger, were prominent members of the Seattle Jewish community. Canafax received her B.A. in sociology in 1943 and her M.A. in education, with a speciality in early childhood special education, in 1958 from the University of Washington. In the 1960s Canafax was hired to teach in the Head Start Program, and went on to teach elementary education for more than 20 years in the Seattle area. She married Leo Canafax in the late 1940s, and had two children and four granddaughters.

Canafax's strong political convictions caused problems for her budding teaching career when she was blacklisted during the McCarthy witch hunts of the 1950s and 1960s. Undeterred, she participated in several organizations and movements, most notably as a key member of the Seattle Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, for which she served as international vice-president and editor of the Pacific Visionnewsletter. Canafax also rallied support for the Committee to Free Morton Sobell, an organization dedicated to freeing Morton Sobell from his 30-year sentence for atomic espionage in 1953 in collaboration with Julius and Ethel Rosenberg. Canafax also participated in Seattle Women Act for Peace and the Abe Keller Peace Education Fund, toured Europe to advocate for peace, and wrote newspaper editorials on the subject.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

Papers of Caroline Canafax include correspondence, speeches, newspaper clippings, and two photographs, as well as several editions of the Pacific Visionnewsletter, papers related to the Christians for Disarmament tour of Demark and W. Germany, along with a taped commentary regarding her experiences on the tour; miscellaneous items related to the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom; and drafts and notes for the Abe Keller Peace Education Fund. Of particular interest are papers related to the McCarthy-era Rosenberg-Sobell espionage case and the resulting activist movement to free Morton Sobell from prison. These papers include correspondence with both the national and Seattle Committee to Secure Justice for Morton Sobell, press releases, writings, memoranda, reports, resolutions, worksheets, newspaper clippings and a photograph. Other major correspondents in the papers include Helen Sobell and John Caughlan, an attorney and civil rights leader in Seattle.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Creator's literary rights transferred to the University of Washington Libraries.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

 

Personal Papers, 1943-2000Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/1
General Correspondence
1983, 1995, 1997
1/2
Speeches and Writings
1987-2000, undated
1/3-4
Speeches and Writings of Others
Authors include Dr. Giovanni Costigan and the Honorable John Main Coffee.
1943-1998
1/5
Conference Papers: Pacific Networking Conference, Vancouver, British Columbia
1994
1/6
Newsletters
1955-1998
1/7
Photographs
Contains one photograph of Caroline Canafax, and one printed color image of Canafax in a group.
undated
Subject Files
Box/Folder
1/8
Koppel, Anci
2000, undated
1/9
Kurose, Aki
1997-2000, undated
1/10
Shallit, Claire Robinson
1998, undated
Box/Folder
1/11
Drawing
1/12
Ephemera
1948-1998, undated
1/13
Clippings
1956-1983, undated

Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, Seattle Branch Records, 1962-2001Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/14
General Correspondence
1983, 1990, 1997
1/15
Speeches and Writings
1983, undated
Newsletters
Box/Folder
1/16-18
Pacific Vision
1988, 1992-1999, 2001
1/19
Women's International League for Peace and Freedom
1993-2001
Box/Folder
1/20
Conferences and Conventions
1999
Subject Files
Box/Folder
1/21a
Christians for Disarmament Tour of Denmark
1983
1/21b
Christians for Disarmament Tour of Denmark--Tape Recorded Commentary
1983
1/22
Seattle Women Act for Peace
1962, undated
Box/Folder
1/23
Ephemera
1983, 1993, undated
1/24
Clippings
1996

Abe Keller Peace Education Fund Records, 1998-1999Return to Top

Container(s): Box-folder 1/25

Contains minutes, correspondence, ephemera, articles of incorporation, writings, committee lists and related material.

Seattle Committee to Secure Justice for Morton Sobell Records, 1952-1988Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Incoming Letters
Box/Folder
1/26
Alman, David (Committee to Secure Justice for Morton Sobell)
1955-1956, undated
1/27
Bay Area Council of Sobell Committees
1958, undated
1/28
Harap, Evelyn
1962-1969
1/29
Jacobs, Theodore
1955-1961, undated
1/30
Meeropal, Michael and Robert
undated
1/31
National Committee to Reopen the Rosenberg Case
1974-1982, undated
1/32-33
Sobell, Helen
1955-1969, undated
1/34
Miscellaneous
1953-1967
Box/Folder
1/35
Outgoing Letters
1958-1975
1/36
General Correspondence of John Caughlan
1957-1958
1/37
Memoranda
1954-1967, undated
1/38
Reports
1955-1962, undated
1/39-41
Speeches and Writings of Others
1953-1966, undated
1/42
Pamphlets and Reprints
1956-1964, undated
1/43
Notes
undated
Newsletters
Box/Folder
1/44
Rosenberg-Sobell
1954-1975
1/45
Miscellaneous
1953-1988
Box/Folder
1/46
Financial Records
1957-1968
1/47-48
Press Releases: Committee to Secure Justice for Morton Sobell
1952-1963, undated
1/49
Petitions
1958, undated
1/50
Schedules and Itineraries of Morton and Helen Sobell and others
undated
1/51
Resolutions
undated
1/52-53
Court Papers
1955, undated
1/54
Worksheets
1956-1958, undated
1/55
Photograph
One 8" x 10" photograph of Helen Sobell placing flowers at the grave of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg.
undated
2/1-3
Ephemera
1953-1978, undated
2/4-5
Clippings
1956-1988
2/6
Miscellany
undated

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Disarmament--Societies, etc
  • Pacifists--Washington (State)--Seattle--Archives
  • Personal Names :
  • Canafax, Caroline--Archives
  • Sobell, Helen
  • Sobell, Morton
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Audiotapes
  • Minutes
  • Occupations :
  • Pacificists
  • Other Creators :
    • Corporate Names :
    • Committee to Secure Justice for Morton Sobell (creator)
    • Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. Seattle Branch (creator)

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Personal Papers/Corporate Records (University of Washington)