Pioneer life of Mollie Truax Crocker, circa 1890  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Crocker, Mollie Truax
Pioneer life of Mollie Truax Crocker
circa 1890 (inclusive)
0.25 linear feet, (1 folder)
Collection Number
CB C872
Mollie Truax Crocker was born in Oregon City, Oregon. The collection constitutes her reminiscences of her pioneer life in the Northwest from the 1860s through the 1890s.
University of Oregon Libraries, Special Collections and University Archives.
UO Libraries--SPC, 1299
University of Oregon
Eugene OR
Telephone: 541-346-3068
Fax: 541-346-3485
Access Restrictions

Collection is open to the public.

Collection must be used in Special Collections & University Archives Reading Room.

Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Historical NoteReturn to Top

Mollie Truax Crocker was born June 3, 1862, in Oregon City, Oregon. Crocker’s father was a soldier who traveled with his family throughout the Northwest to different military posts. He became a post trader at Fort Walla Walla and the Lapwai Indian Agency. Consequently, Crocker lived in Idaho, Oregon, and Washington before the family settled permanently in Walla Walla, Washington, following her father’s retirement.

In 1880, Crocker married David Benjamin Crocker and the two made their home on the Lapwai Agency where their two children were born. Eventually, Crocker and her family returned to Walla Walla.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The Mollie Truax Crocker collection consists of a brief, typewritten autobiography that traces Crocker’s life from infancy to old age. As the oldest child of a U.S. Army soldier, Crocker moved about frequently and lived at several different army posts. At the age of 18, Crocker married David Crocker, presumably a military or federal official, who served on the Lapwai Agency. Indeed, the Crocker autobiography offers some insights into the late 19th century U.S. federal policy towards Native Americans in the Pacific Northwest. While Crocker may have been unaware of these larger national changes, her autobiography offers some details on these policies through her highlighting of life on the Nez Perce and Lapwai Reservations as well as the war with the Nez Perce.

The Crocker autobiography also discusses other events related to American settlement of the Pacific Northwest. The Truax family finally settled in Walla Walla, Washington, where they opened general merchandise stores. Crocker highlights the difficulties of childbirth and her mother’s move to Canada prior to the arrival of her second child. Crocker considered herself a “pioneer” and this biographical narrative offers her own version of the pioneer experience.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Alternative Forms Available

Available in microfilm as part of: Women's lives. Series 3, American women missionaries and pioneers collection (MICROFILM BV3703 .W66 2006, reel 80); Primary Source Microfilm, 12 Lunar Dr., Woodbridge, Conn. 06525.

Restrictions on Use

Property rights reside with Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish collection materials must be submitted to Special Collections & University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.

Archival material may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal and/or state right to privacy laws and other regulations.

Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g. a cause of action for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of Oregon assumes no responsibility.

If a researcher finds sensitive personal information in a collection, please bring it to the attention of the reading room staff.

Preferred Citation

Crocker, Mollie Truax. Pioneer Life of Mollie Truax Crocker, CB C872, Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, Eugene, Oregon.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top

Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
1 1 The Pioneer Life of Mollie Truax Crocker, title page, pgs. 1-6 circa 1890

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Frontier and pioneer life--Northwest, Pacific
  • Indians of North America--Northwest, Pacific
  • Pioneers--Northwest, Pacific--Biography